Mathematical concepts are graphically presented in an interesting and enjoyable way. Maths is a language which we use to express our understanding of measurable relationships within our experiences. The Montessori Method introduces mathematical concepts at an early stage, for children are seen as being mathematically minded and inherently able to reason, calculate, compare and estimate.
The first formal introduction to maths in a Montessori environment is in the sensorial area where the child is introduced to sorting, classifying and grading activities. In the maths area, concrete materials such as rods, spindles, beads, counters, chains, cubes etc. which can be touched, manipulated and moved are used to explore and understand mathematical concepts. The materials give a clear understanding of numbers (order and sequence), the decimal system and simple arithmetic functions, all in a concrete form. New concepts are gradually built upon those which have been previously acquired, for example, knowledge of units leads to the introduction of tens and then hundreds and thousands. The complexity of tasks increases as children begin to gain concepts as part of their natural progression.
Activities offered in the Montessori environment give the children the opportunity to use their knowledge of mathematical concepts in a practical way, e.g. measuring, weighing, estimating, comparing and predicting, are used in activities such as cooking, sand and block play, food preparation, science experiments, etc..
The Montessori Method is designed to make the acquisition of mathematical knowledge fun and enjoyable.